Civil society representatives from across the world address the UNFCCC Climate Conference in Lima. As part of the Climate Justice Now! constituency the following interventions were delivered:
Martin Vilela, from the Bolivian Platform on Climate Change to the COP/CMP Opening Plenary (Spanish)
Ruth Nyambura, from the African Biodiversity Network, to the ADP Opening Plenary.
Pascoe Sabido, from Corporate Europe Observatory, to the SBSTA Opening Plenary.
Voltaire Alferez, from Jubilee South Asia Pacific Movement on Debt and Development to the SBI Opening Plenary.
Señor Presidente, delegados representantes de las partes: Mi nombre es Martin Vilela, de la Plataforma Boliviana para el Cambio Climático, miembro de Climate Justice Now!
La COP20 se reúne hoy mientras millones de personas en el mundo siguen enfrentando los devastadores impactos del cambio climático sin respuestas concretas, mientras nos acercamos peligrosamente al borde del precipicio hacia el colapso del sistema climático planetario.
La gente de los pueblos del mundo está exigiendo soluciones reales para superar la dependencia de combustibles fósiles, Una transición hacia una matriz de energía limpia renovable accesible para la gente, una matriz productiva que asegure la soberanía alimentaria y los derechos de los más impactados por fenómenos climáticos.
Es un privilegio y una gran responsabilidad el hecho de que hoy estas negociaciones se desarrollen en América Latina, sin embargo vemos con mucha preocupación la falta de efectividad de las decisiones tomadas y las promesas rotas ante las expectativas y necesidades de los pueblos.
Es necesario que el objetivo del futuro acuerdo 2020 debe asegurar estabilizar la temperatura en 1.5oC para lograr un mundo habitable en el futuro.
El éxito del acuerdo a ser firmado en París debe asegurarse en Lima. Esta será la prueba de la seriedad de la convención frente a los desafíos que representa el cambio climático.
Se debe lograr las ratificaciones del segundo periodo del Protocolo de Kioto para sumar a los esfuerzos su entrada en vigor.
Se debe multiplicar y aumentar los compromisos de financiamiento basados en el principio de Responsabilidades Comunes pero Diferenciadas, las Responsabilidades Históricas, con criterios de Justicia y equidad para la gente y los pueblos.
Se debe eliminar los subsidios a los combustibles fósiles. El fondo verde del clima no debe financiar proyectos de energía sucia y peligrosa y es necesario dejar los fallidos mercados de carbono.
El acuerdo 2020 no debe ser enfocado enfocado únicamente en las débiles promesas no vinculantes determinadas a nivel nacional, y debe lograr cumplir con las necesidades y derechos de las personas más afectadas, con acciones inmediatas entre el 2015 y el 2020.
Finalmente Invitamos a los delegados a escuchar la voz de la gente, que se movilizará el 10 de diciembre por las calles de Lima exigiendo acciones concretas escuchando las advertencias de la ciencia y a los pueblos del mundo.
My name is Ruth Nyambura, I come from Kenya and work with the African Biodiversity Network, a member of Climate Justice Now!
In 2007 and 2008 a devastating drought swept through my country Kenya and in its wake left 90% of the livestock of pastoralist communities dead. In 2011, another drought swept through not only Kenya but the East and Horn of Africa region, leaving 10Million people facing starvation. This region is surely one of the most prominent faces of the inequality of climate change; barely contributing anything to the systemic and structural causes of this crisis but yet standing almost center stage in its destructive path.
You cannot ignore that people are demanding a comprehensive response to the climate crisis in the form of binding commitments, where impacted people are put first. We do not want a special outcome coming from an irregular and manipulated process that is mitigation-centric, where finance and financial obligations of the developed countries are clothed in markets, privatization and aid and finally where appropriate technology transfer and capacity building are delinked.
We desperately need binding commitments that speak to the urgent need for the poorest and most vulnerable to this crisis to effectively adapt, an agreement that is cognizant of the painful fact that for many, like the pastoralist communities of Africa, that loss and damage is no longer in our future as it has been their lived reality for a number of years.
You have a moral and logical duty to deliver on a pre-2020 commitment to scale up action immediately to deliver deep and just pollution cuts, tangible solutions for impacted people, solutions divorced from markets and by extension an economic system that created this crisis. You cannot ignore that people are demanding a comprehensive response to the climate crisis in the form of binding commitments on all of the elements of the Durban platform.
From indigenous groups in Latin America defending their territories against extractive industries to farmers in Africa reclaiming their agricultural systems, to communities in South East Asia resisting the commodification of their resources and last but not least, to the youth from all over the World marching on the streets and calling for a new, just and equitable World, it is evident that a systemic and structural change of the current system is the only way forward.
Mr President, I am Voltaire P Alferez of Aksyon Klima Pilipinas. I now speak on behalf of Jubilee South-Asia Pacific Movement on Debt & Development, a member of Climate Justice Now!
As a Filipino who has lived through the strongest storm in human history – I can report to you that the implementation of this Convention is pivotal to the rights and interests of billions of people in this world – the impoverished, marginalised, exploited and the most vulnerable.
Climate change is not a future problem. It is not a 2050 problem or a 2030 problem. It’s not even a 2020 problem. It’s our problem now as our people face its impact everyday. As we speak, another tropical cyclone is developing in the Pacific Ocean and by the end of the week, it is expected to enter the Philippine area of responsibility towards the general area of the Central Visayas.
It’s for these people that the Warsaw loss and damage mechanism, that many from the Philippines fought so hard to secure, is supposed to work.
We are concerned that there has been a complete absence of concrete activities on means of implementation for the mechanism. Paying lip service to the suffering of many instead of paying us the compensation we are owed from a history of over pollution and consumption in the north.
In the Philippines, in the thousands of our small islands, we know that our survival depends on strong deep emission cuts based on equity.
Therefore the multilateral assessment process here in Lima is essential to find answers to questions that must be resolved here.
Why are Annex 1 pledges so far from what the science and justice tells us what we need? Why are so many Annex 1 countries off-track to meet even those pledges? Why do some parties push access to offsets when we know they only slow the energy transformation we need and when those very countries rejected the Kyoto system anyway?
People in the Philippines, the Ashéninka people in Peru to who I offer my solidarity, people everywhere know we must answer these questions and we must answer them today.
Thank you chair, my name is Pascoe Sabido from Corporate Europe Observatory, speaking as a member of Climate Justice Now!
A year has passed since Warsaw, yet here we are again, trying to stop those countries with the greatest historical responsibility for causing climate change from wriggling out of their commitments via new market mechanisms and the framework for various approaches.
Those present need to ask themselves, is the UNFCCC a place for real solutions, or for making profit from hot air through carbon markets?
The UNFCCC’s very legitimacy as a place where we can collectively tackle the climate crisis is at stake.
Despite their resounding failure to deliver, SBSTA has still not taken up the necessary moratorium on new carbon offset markets and investigation and review of existing carbon markets.
Offset trading has been riddled with concerns over fraud and human rights abuses, while studies by the Stockholm Environment Institute highlight that carbon markets have not actually reduced emissions.
The same is true in domestic schemes, where Europe’s flagship emissions trading scheme has dramatically failed to reduce emissions.
But what an expensive failure: citizens like myself have been left to foot a multi-billion euro bill in the face of ever-more-painful austerity measures, yet those billions were channeled directly into the pockets of the biggest polluters.
One year on, it is on SBSTA and all parties gathered to prove to the world that the UNFCCC is indeed a place of genuine solutions.
This body should agree a moratorium on failed carbon trading mechanisms and take up real non-market solutions, such as the globally funded feed in tariff scheme.